№3, 2017

Слово к читателям

главный редактор МИАЖ «Crede Experto», Л. А. Иванова

Уважаемые читатели и авторы публикаций, позвольте мне от имени редколлегии и читателей международного информационно-аналитического журнала «Crede Experto: транспорт, общество, образование, язык» открыть третий номер и поздравить Вас с наступлением нового учебного года. Очередное лето пролетело, как всегда, незаметно. Хочется верить, что Вам удалось восстановить силы, отдохнуть, полюбоваться природой, просто посмотреть на небо. Уверена, что Вам хватило времени почитать, поразмышлять и на научные темы, ведь лето – это пора новых идей, творческих задумок и планов. Человек, занимающийся наукой, всегда в поиске, думает о своих нерешенных задачах, его обязательно, после отдыха на даче, в российских санаториях или другой страны потянет за письменный стол (а иногда и вместо этого), когда ничто не отвлекает, нет текущих обязанностей и ненужной суеты.  Надеюсь, Вы уже написали или завершаете статьи для нашего журнала, или хотя бы придумали название, а значит, обозначили для себя проблему. Мы всегда ждем Ваши статьи в наш журнал и рады им! А Вам, без сомнения, не терпится познакомиться с результатами трудов Ваших единомышленников и коллег, неутомимых тружеников.

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Логвинову  Игорю   Ивановичу!

Синицына Л.Н., к.ф.н. доцент ФГБОУ ВО ИГМУ Минздрава России

В канун знаменательного юбилея Логвинова Игоря Ивановича важно обратить внимание на особые качества незаурядного человека.

Многие годы связывают его с Иркутским филиалом Московского государственного технического университета гражданской авиации. Профессионал высокого уровня, профессор кафедры летательных аппаратов и двигателей (ЛАиД) в работе со студентами проявляет способность увидеть талант, поддержать, привлечь к исследовательской деятельности. Свидетельство этому – творческие связи со специалистами разных направлений, которым Учитель в студенческие годы привил необходимые качества.

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Transport

UDC 621.391:621.396 BBK 39.57-5

Skrypnik O. N.

Main types of coordinate systems used for solving air navigation tasks that are connected with the provision of aeronautical flight control and landing are examined in the article. The main requirements for coordinate systems are given.

Local (orthogonal, cylindrical and spherical) coordinate systems were studied, their advantages and disadvantages as well as areas of their application were highlighted. Direct and backward coordinate transformations between the local coordinate systems were shown.

The author shows distinctive features of global coordinate systems application which are connected with choosing the Earth’s figure model and its mathematical description problems. Basic information about the global terrestrial ellipsoids and their parameters is presented. The need to shift to the global terrestrial ellipsoid and global reference systems is demonstrated. Basic information about the ITRS and ITRF is given. Differences in determining an object’s space coordinates in these reference systems are described. Differences in the areas of application of PZ-90 and SK-2011systems as well as their prototypes WGS-84 and NAD-83 are specified.

The author considers peculiarities of global geodesic and geospheric (great-circle) coordinate systems, their advantages and disadvantages. Direct and backward coordinate transitions for global coordinate systems as well as expressions that link geocentric and topocentric coordinate systems are illustrated.

Key words: coordinate system, geoid, global terrestrial ellipsoid, coordinate transformations, a local coordinate system, a geodetic coordinate system, air navigation.

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UDC 004.588 BBK 74.5

Chokoj V. Z.

Aircraft maintenance procedures imply doing different work of logistic, organizational and technical and technological character. Their common issues are those of surveillance objects and processes for the purpose of numerical data collection, processing and exploratory data analysis before using for taking decisions. The urgent issues of mathematical and instrumental support for processing and exploratory data analysis within the operating company and under teaching in educational establishments of civil aviation are discussed in this regard.

Key words: sample, binary sequence, data processing, filtering, exploratory analysis, stationarity of sample values, outlier analysis, statistical criteria.

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UDC 629.42:629.4.054, 625.28 BBK 39.235

Ablyalimov O. S.

The article presents the results of studies of the analysis and justification of efficiency of use of the main (train) three-unit diesels UzTE16М3 on the hilly-mountain area of Marokand – Navoi of the Uzbek Railways in the movement of freight trains with stops and without them at thestations en route, siding lines and separate stations. The obtained parameter values of the main indicators of the transport operation of the tested locomotives UzТЕ16М3 will be quite helpful for engine driver-instructors and specialists of the shop operation of the locomotive depot Samarkand, Bukhara in estimating the traction properties of track sides of a path profile and effectiveness of the operational activities of the mentioned real railway part of the JSC “Uzbekiston Temir Yullari”.

Keywords: research, result, freight train, movement, locomotive, railroad, track section, operation, condition, direction, speed, rolling stock, analysis, hilly and mountainous, estimation, station, submit, average, track side, profile.

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Aviation radio communication, radiolocation, radio navigation and methods of their operation

UDC 621.372 BBK 39.56

Polyakov D. O.

The article discusses synthesis of optimal filters for random spatial signals based on multi-layer optical structures running in the corner filtering mode.

Key words: corner filtering; synthesis; optical structure.

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Culturology

UDC 81.00 BK 81.41.01.2973

Danilenko V. P.

This article is dedicated to the analysis of A. A. Blok’s poetry from the viewpoint of how the thesis («mad love»), the antithesis («disgust’s relation with life») and the synthesis of his poetry are represented there. The latter concept was universal in pre-revolutionary Block’s poetry and was considered to be revolutionary, Christian and Eurasian one in his post-revolutionary poetry.

Key words: Alexander Blok, thesis, antithesis, synthesis, love, disgust, poetry, «Twelve», «Scythians».

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Discourse and Text: vectors of research

UDC 821.112.2 BBK 83.3(2Рос=Нем.)

Merkurjewa V. B., Shadrina A. L.

The article studies the linguistic peculiarities of a film adaptation as a film text and as a secondary text. On the basis of the analysis of German Grimm’s fairy tales film adaptations the lexical means that change the genre and the style of a fairy tale in the adaptation and correctly convert the original text of the story into a film text are defined. The linguistic features of the source text preserved in the secondary text are also specified.

Key words: creolized text, film text, secondary text, film adaptation, fairytale film, Grimm’s Fairy Tales.

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Lingustics

UDC 81’1 BBK  81.2-5

Sludneva L. V.

The article deals with some mechanisms of verbal and non-verbal behavior of a speaker aimed at excluding from communication its side participants. The focus is made on epistemic aspect of interpreting and understanding implicit meanings.

Keywords: implicit meanings; communicative triade; proper addressee; side participant of communication.

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UDC 81.2 BBK 81.2(Кор.)

Antonova A. B., Kim Jiyeon

The Russian and Korean animalistic phraseologisms indicate national peculiarities. Most phraseologisms describing a human’s appearance and character in Russian and Korean linguocultures are comparative units which structurally consist of an adjective, conjunction as and a noun – zoonym. Russian and Korean comparative phraseological units can have both equivalent and nonequivalent zoonymic components.

Key words: phraseological unit, linguoculture, zoonym, comparative unit, to symbolize, the Russian language, the Korean language

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Theolingustics

UDC 81-119 BBK 81.2-3

Stepanenko V. A., Kuznetsova E. V.

The article is devoted to the study of the semantic field «Weihnachten» and the description of the main representative of the religious concept «Weihnachten», in whose name the confrontation between Catholicism and Protestantism has been reflected for centuries.

Key words: Jesus [Christus], Weihnachten, Jesuskind, Christuskind, Christkind. 

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First Steps in Science

UDC 351.852.11 BBK 63.3(4Фра)

Popugaeva A. Y.

The article is devoted to the history of creation of the National Library of France. The main stages of the library are analyzed as a leader of librarianship.

Keywords: library; librarian; book; National Library of France.

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Linguistic surveys, reviews, information about conferences

UDC 811.51 BBК 81.2-03

Novgorodov I. N.

The article gives an information about an international symposium. Its subject is an interdisciplinary comprehensive discussion of the convergence Altay unity, the Leipzig-Jakarta list of relationship of the ancient and modern Turkic languages which was discussed by genetics, historians and linguists from China, Russia and Western Europe.

Key words: international, symposium, genetics, history, linguistics, the Leipzig-Jakarta list, Altaic, Turkic, language, interdisciplinary, comprehensive, research, NEFU.

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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Sosnovskaya Zinaida

This article analyzes the works of famous Belarusian media educator O. F. Nechay about television media texts, their types and functions. According to the represented object, media texts are divided into the game message, documentaries and animated films. O. F. Nechay gives a systematic classification of types and genres of television arts according to the purposes of the Communicator; topic of television messages; target audience; principles of imaginative solutions, used artistic conventions.

Key words: Belarus, O.F. Nechay, television, classification, types, genres, functions, goals, audience.

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UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Chelysheva I. V.

The article presents a comparative analysis of the theoretical and practical components of the development of information literacy and media competence in Georgia and Moldova. It gives the problems of the introduction of media education in the educational process of schools and universities. The author explores the possibilities and prospects of building a media center in the upbringing, education and development of the younger generation in the education.

Keywords: media education, media literacy, distance learning, media centers, media competence.

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UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Dr. Elena Muryukina, Dr. Irina Chelysheva

The article presents the results of determining of teenagers’ media preference. It gives the most popular in the teenage environment of mass media: Internet, television, mobile phone, cinema, press, photo/video and the priority themes: youth, love and historical, the main motives of contact with media: the desire to get new information, listening to your favorite music and searching information and materials for study.

Key words: adolescents, media preferences, survey, compositions, analysis, mass media.

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UDC 37 BBK 74.200.544.3

Vorobieva I. E.

Modern pupils from early childhood are in close interaction with video, cellphones, video players; new caregivers of the modern generation are so-called “parallel school”, virtual communication environment through media. The Internet for the most young users are the main source of information not only in the preparation of different tasks, but also for their free time. For this reason, figurative and virtual views of pupils about contemporary reality prevail over the intellectual. This article describes a focus group – pupils of the musical aesthetic studio and allows understanding more precisely pupils’ media competence, their tastes, hobbies, main reasons and frequency of using media, musical competence, through monitoring, oral conversations, debates, creative tasks.

Key words: pupils; media competence; focus group; media culture.

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UDC 372.881.111.1 BBK 74.58:73

Khlyzova N. Ju.

The article deals with the media education in the American society. It summarizes its history, highlighting three significant shifts. It analyzes the conditions demanding to form media literacy of Americans, some researchers’ works to develop media educationаl movement as a whole.

Key words: media education; media literacy; USA; mass media.

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Comparative Pedagogics

Actual issues of vocational pedagogy

UDC 378.147 BBK 74.58

Shutova T. A.

The article considers super-professional competencies which are in demand in modern labour market and in the aviation jobs of the future. The author defines the most demanded competences and proves the role of economic and managerial training in their formation. The article also shows that the importance of additional professional education lies in strengthening economic and managerial skills and competitiveness of engineering staff of aviation.

Key words: super-professional competences; competitiveness of a specialist; additional professional education; economic and managerial training.

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UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Dr. Alexander Knyazev, Dr. Elena Muryukina

The article describes the main forms of personal sports culture, use of mass media in motivation of students to do sports. Sports culture of a person reveals itself in the following forms: sports-pragmatic culture (pragmatic purposes); inhumane sports culture (inhumane values; the acceptability of any means to achieve victory); the sports and humanistic culture (positive value attitude of the individual to the sport from the perspective of the ideals and values of humanism). Today a big potential for the development of sports culture is in Russian media texts (film, television, press, Internet resources).

Key words: sports culture, forms, types, students, media texts, potential.

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UDC 371.321 BBK 74.00

Savel’eva D. V.

Today a broader vision of the pedagogical activity of the foremen of vocational training (FVT) is forming. They are regarded as professionals who can change the world around for the better. In this article, the author focuses on the training in the system of secondary vocational education as a process of formation of subject experience of future professional activity.

Key words: foreman of vocational training, pedagogical position, professional activity, analysis of fiction, self-development.

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Innovative processes in modern education

UDC 378.1+004 BBK 74.04

Shusharin V. A., Skorobogatova M. V.

The article provides the solution for innovative development of the university on the basis of design and implementation of automated information systems.

Key words: information technology, automated information systems, informational support, educational processes, systems of decision support; automatic control system.

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Actual problems of education

UDC 37.018.1 BBK 74.902

Visingiriev A. A.

The article reveals the contents and forms of educational work of the school museum, promoting moral education of students. It also highlights the stages of forming moral culture of students and examines the effectiveness of these activities.

Key words: museum; school; moral education; stages of identity formation.

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UDC 372.878 BBK 28.081

Trubina Z. I.

The article tries to reveal the relationship between psycho-emotional state of people and the environment, as the condition of the human inner world is one of the reasons for the ecological changes in the environment.

The environment is not only the preservation of nature. The environment created by the culture of our ancestors and ourselves is not less important. Under the influence of sounds people can educate and adjust themselves to the environmentally friendly behaviour.

The American scientist J. T. Titon and the Russian researcher Eugene Nazaikinskii wrote about musical culture as an ecological system and the relationships of man as the subject of nature with it.

In many Russian cities there is a number of ways to join musical culture, to participate in solving common problems with the help of music ecology. These are children’s musical schools, art colleges, ensembles at the Philharmonic palaces that foster environmental consciousness of townspeople and improve their psycho-emotional and physical health through classical music.

Keywords: ecology of sound, environmental awareness, classical music.

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Hygienics, education, health

UDC 371 BBK 51.1(2)4 +74.200.54.2

Igolnitsyna L. M., Novokshonova E. A.

The article presents research using a complex standardized approach in the assessment of both sanitary state of the educational institutions and the health of students. The essence of the method consists in obtaining a single dimension, i.e., a single conventional unit, allowing the integration of all these figures.

Keywords: Complex standardized approach, a single conventional unit, sanitary state of the educational institutions, health of students.

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Psychological and pedagogical follow-up of learning activity in modern education

UDC 159.95+372.3/4 BBK 74.3я73+88.я73

Murashova I. J., Murashova A. A.

The article analyzes the research results of nerve-psychological development of the third –year-old test children with central nervous system damage who are raised in the child’s home. The author gives the directions of psychological and educational work, contributing to the correction of retardation in nerve-psychiatric development of these children. The data will be useful for psychologists, defectologists, educators and other professionals working with this age cohort.

Key words: early childhood; nerve-psychiatric development; deprivation; sensor development; mental processes development; motility development; speech development; development of subject-game actions.

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Nursery school: theory and practice

Professional competence of the teacher in interacting with children

UDC 373.24(571.54) BBK 74.1 (2 Рос=Бур)

Malakhova G. I.

The article considers the problems of perfection of professional competences of teachers as the necessary condition of forming students’ personality and realizing the requirements of the professional standard “Teacher” of the Federal State Educational Standard of Secondary Education.

Keywords: modernization of education, professional competence, quality of education, interaction.

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History: Golden pages

UDC 929 BBK 74.03

Sharunov A. I.

The article gives the memories about a French teacher, scientist, colleague, and the brightest person of our time Valentina Aleksandrovna Sherstenikina. It reflects some episodes of her private life, a scientific way and heritage.

Valentina Aleksandrovna Sherstenikina is an author of numerous scientific articles and books of the theory and methods of teaching foreign languages, an active propagandist of the French language, a skillful organizer and a research supervisor; she rallied around herself creative, purposeful adherents and promoted the development of the Russian science of teaching foreign languages.

Keywords: teacher, scientist, educator, mentor.

 

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