# 1, 2020
A word to the readers
Π£Π²Π°ΠΆΠ°Π΅ΠΌΡΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΠ»Π»Π΅Π³ΠΈ, Π°Π²ΡΠΎΡΡ ΠΈ ΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ!
ΠΡΡΠ΅Π» ΠΈΠ· ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΈ 1-ΠΉ Π² ΡΡΠΎΠΌ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π½ΠΎΠΌΠ΅Ρ ΠΌΠ΅ΠΆΠ΄ΡΠ½Π°ΡΠΎΠ΄Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΠ½ΡΠΎΡΠΌΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎ-Π°Π½Π°Π»ΠΈΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΆΡΡΠ½Π°Π»Π° Β«Crede Experto: ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡ, ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ, ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅, ΡΠ·ΡΠΊΒ» (ΠΠΠΠ Β«Crede ExpertoΒ»).
Π ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΡ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π»Π°Ρ Β«ΠΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ Π°ΠΏΠΏΠ°ΡΠ°ΡΡ, Π°Π²ΠΈΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΠ΅ Π΄Π²ΠΈΠ³Π°ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈΡ ΡΠΊΡΠΏΠ»ΡΠ°ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈΒ», Β«ΠΠ²ΠΈΠΎΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°, Π°Π²ΠΈΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ»Π΅ΠΊΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ, ΠΏΠΈΠ»ΠΎΡΠ°ΠΆΠ½ΠΎ-Π½Π°Π²ΠΈΠ³Π°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΠ»Π΅ΠΊΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈΡ ΡΠΊΡΠΏΠ»ΡΠ°ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈΒ», Β«Π‘ΠΈΡΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ Π°Π²ΠΈΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΠΎΡΠ²ΡΠ·ΠΈ, ΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΊΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ, ΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π²ΠΈΠ³Π°ΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈΡ ΡΠΊΡΠΏΠ»ΡΠ°ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈΒ», Β«Π’ΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΒ», Β«ΠΠ΅Π·ΠΎΠΏΠ°ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ Π½Π° Π²ΠΎΠ·Π΄ΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠΌ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ΅Β», Β«ΠΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΠΎΠ²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅Β», Β«ΠΠΈΠ½Π³Π²ΠΈΡΡΠΈΠΊΠ°Β», Β«ΠΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ°: Π³ΡΠΌΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΈΡΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π² ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ°ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠΈΒ», Β«ΠΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΠΎΡΠΈΡ ΠΏΠ΅Π΄Π°Π³ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΊΠΈΒ», Β«ΠΠΊΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ Π²ΠΎΠΏΡΠΎΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΏΠ΅Π΄Π°Π³ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΊΠΈΒ» ΠΎΠΏΡΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ²Π°Π½Ρ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈ ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ°Π·Π½ΡΡ Π²ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ² Π½Π°ΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Ρ ΠΈ ΠΈΠ·-Π·Π° ΡΡΠ±Π΅ΠΆΠ°.
Aircraft, aircraft engines and methods of their operation
UDK 629.735.33.015 BBK 39.15
The article deals with the issue of possible vortex activation of the working process of the wing thrust over the underlying surface. The useful effect of this working process can manifest itself in reducing the aircraft take-off and landing roll in the field of wing vortex interference with the airfield ground. The area of practical use could cover the lifting surfaces of hydrofoil crafts, ram-wing crafts and similar vehicles at low flight altitudes. The vortex activation of the wing thrust is based on the professor N.Ye.Zhukovskiyβs theorem about the wing lift and the mirror effect of the underlying surface proposed by Prandtl. The authors defined the physical and kinematic essence of interference of a linear vortex with a flat underlying surface. Β The effect of that kind of vortex interference is represented due to comparison of auto-travel of vortex smoke rings having a different diameter and generated by an identical force pulse. The authors stated the fact of force interaction between a vortex ring and a hard flat wall which forms the basis of the method of vortex activation of the wing thrust capable of reducing the drag. As an object of theoretical research the linear infinitely long vortex of intensity Π = 2p Β allowing the mathematical expression of Biot-Savart law to be reduced to the function of vortex velocity ΡΠ² = f (1/(2h)). The kinematic vortex characteristic is represented as a dependence of travel speed on the height of its position above the screen. The article identifies the main consequences of vortex and screen interference and areas of their application.
Key words: thrust, circulation of velocity Π, vortex interference, flat screen, vortex travel, vortex characteristic.
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Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation
UDK 681.518.3 BBK 39.56
The paper presents the analysis of design principles for avionic complexes as well as for modern systems of indication in the cockpit. The authors developed the architecture of the head-up display system for advanced civil transport airplanes based on the concept of integrated module avionics. The applied approach allows shortening the time spent for development, tests and certification of an airplane as well as reducing the cost of aircraft operation and its weight and size. Β Β
Key words: civil airplane, integrated module avionics, information presentation systems, systems of technical imaging, head-up display.
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UDK 681.518.3 BBK 39.56
The authors analyzed the existing means of automation of verifying the software of aircraft onboard equipment. As the result they developed a software application which automates verifying the electronic display systems of modern and advanced civil airplanes as well as a testing technique for its use. The proposed solution allows reducing time and financial costs of system testing.
Key words: civil airplane, avionics, software, verification, image recognition, neural network.
Download article in PDFΒ 270.4 kB
Avionics, aircraft electrical systems, aircraft navigation complexes and methods for their exploitation
UDK 621.391:621.396 BBK 39.57-5 S66
The Global Navigation Satellite Systems `(GNSS) such as GLONASS (Russia) and GPS (the USA) systems find wide application in different fields including aviation. The growing demands of different usersβ groups for accuracy and reliability of positioning can be met by solving a navigational problem with the use of all visible satellites which belong to different systems. This function was implemented in combined GNSS receivers, the research of performance features and positioning error characteristics of combined GLONASS/GPS receivers under different conditions of use and in different operational modes being relevant. The paper contains the results of natural experiments for investigation of positioning accuracy characteristics carried out with Geos-1M receiver. The experiments were performed in urban settings and in open terrain, in GLONASS and GPS operation modes of the receiver as well as in GLONASS/GPS combined mode. The experimental results were analyzed with the help of special software and algorithms of statistical manipulation. The obtained results allow assessing the main statistical characteristics of positioning errors and operational efficiency of the combined GNSS receiver under different conditions and in different operational modes. It can be used in practice for selecting a more efficient operational mode of the combined receiver for given conditions as well as for validating mathematical models of the positioning errors of SNS receivers.
Keywords: global navigation satellite system, GNSS, combined GNSS receiver, positioning accuracy.
*This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant No. 19-08-00010 A).
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UDK 629.7.036.3 BBK 39.15
The article explores the contradictions, problems and methods of maintenance of modern civil aviation aircraft. After increasing the air flow through the engines, a qualitative transition of vortex formation before the air intakes to vortices of blurred intensity was established. New directions for aircraft ground operation when gas turbine engines are running on the ground are suggested. Within the framework of the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization, Aviation Rules and Airworthiness Standards, the contradictions of aircraft ground operation and their engines are investigated and new additions to the Manual on technical operation and repair of aviation equipment in Russian civil aviation are outlined.
Keywords: vortex formation, the role of the underlying surface, gas turbine power plants, Coriolis force, air intake, technical operation, erosive wear.
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Air transport security
UDK 656.7.071:658.386 BBK 74.570.22
The article offers methods and algorithms for recognizing maneuvers and aerobatic figures, scoring the quality of flight task performance, calculating the weight coefficients of the significance of flight parameters included in the evaluation criteria and the weight coefficients of flight elements included in the exercise, evaluating the level of training of flight students taking into account the quality of flight task performance and breaks in flight training.
Keywords: flight safety, flight training programs, training assessment, flight performance assessment, weight coefficients, pattern recognition, probability and statistics, normal distribution law of random variables.
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UDK 821.161.1 BBK 83.3
It is impossible to imagine modern Russian poetry without the creative activity of Irina (Ah) Astakhova. Lyric poetry by Astakhova is a form of differentiation of personal and impersonal as well as male and female. Travesty allows the poet to be original and unique to the reader. Thus, the aesthetic, cultural dialogue with the XIX β XX century does not interrupt but mainly intensifies, transforms into a variable poetic space. Poetic patterns of the lyrics by Irina Astakhova depend on the melody of the text, the depth of emotions and the condensation of the social and philosophical.
Key words: Irina Astakhova, modern poetry, lyrical narrative, impersonal poetics, dialogue, author, reader, receptive criticism.
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UDK 82-121 BBK 83.3(2)
The paper is devoted to the analysis of the ideological contents of the story “Vestal” written by the Russian and Jewish writer Osip Isidorovich Dymov. The author of the paper uses the philosophical approach to the formulation of the story’s idea, described in the famous scientific work by Arthur Schopenhauer “The World as Will and Representation”, and conducts a step-by-step comparative analysis of the ways of implementing this idea in Dymov’s story. The paper traces the evolution of the main character’s ideas about the object of his love and makes a conclusion about the dependence of experience on contemplation within the framework of spatial and temporal changes.
Keywords: representation, contemplation, experience, truth, subject, object, space, time.
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UDK 81’373.43 BBK 81.411.2-3
This article is devoted to the study of semantic innovations β new meanings of some words and word combinations existing in the Modern English language: the ways in which lexical units develop their new meanings, the sources where innovations draw their imagery from and the tendencies in enriching vocabulary are considered.
Key words: neologisms, semantic innovations, lexico-semantic variant, broadening of meaning, narrowing of meaning, metaphorization, terminologization, determinologization.
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Personality and media: humanitarian studies in media education
UDK 37.013.43 BBK 74.03(2)
The authors’ comparative study of media literacy education development in the CIS countries suggests that in the foreseeable future the development of media education in the CIS countries will continue to be dominated by socio-cultural and practice-oriented models (to a greater extent, this is typical for Russia) and models related to the reliance on the theory of critical thinking development and the protective theory of media literacy education (to a greater extent, this is typical for Ukraine and Moldova, for example) and their corresponding tasks. Ukraine is likely to develop a trend of ideologization of the media education process that has emerged (starting from 2014) and attempts to make media literacy education a propaganda and counter-propaganda tool.
Most likely, a small increase in the number of dissertations on the material of preschool and specialized secondary education institutions is possible in the CIS countries. Research by scientists on trends in synthesis between media education and journalism (including media criticism) will continue.
On the whole, our forecast regarding the intensity of research on media literacy education in the CIS countries is optimistic: our content analysis of dissertation research in the CIS countries allows us to predict a further increase in the number of studies (mainly at the expense of regional research teams), one way or another related to the problems of media education, media literacy, media competence.
Keywords: media education, CIS countries, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, media literacy, media competence.
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UDK 372.8 BBK 74.5
The paper is focused on the historical analysis of the key stages in the development of media education in Russia which arouses interest of scientists and the society as a whole, helps understand the significance of objects and subjects studied by media education, know the information space and also predict changes.
Key words: media education, science, developmental stages, educational cinema, radio broadcasting, media text, media pedagogy.
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UDK 378.184 BBK 74.4
The article presents a theoretical review of the problem of interethnic tolerance as a factor of information security of the young generation. The author emphasizes the use of including media educational methods and technologies in the educational process in order to ensure the information security of youth.
Key words: information security, interethnic tolerance, media education, youth.
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Methodology and theory of pedagogy
UDK 378.1; 371.3 BBK 74
The concept is defined in the work as a category, construct and product of innovative pedagogy. The quality of constructing a concept in the professional development of a teacher is determined by various indicators of successful employment of pedagogical modeling, scientific and pedagogical theorization, and scientific and pedagogical activity. In the structure of the illustration of the choice of the concept by the teacher, the pedagogical conditions for increasing the effectiveness of modeling and clarifying the concept of pedagogical activity are determined as the result of scientific and pedagogical research and scientific activity.
Keywords: concept, pedagogical modeling, theorizing, pedagogical activity.
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Actual issues of vocational pedagogy
UDL 378.6 BBK 74.58
The paper studies the issue of improving the efficiency of mastering basic mathematics with the help of the developed training system of specialists. The techniques and methods of teaching students mathematics at the technical university on the basis of competency-based education are described. Each semester subject tests in mathematics for specialists are given.
Key words: efficiency, competences, increased activity, students motivation, rating, levels of training, testing, test assignments.
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