Категория: 14.00.00 — Medical Sciences

Complex assessment of sanitary and hygienic indicators of educational institutions and health condition of students

UDC 371 BBK 51.1(2)4 +

Igolnitsyna L. M., Novokshonova E. A.

The article presents research using a complex standardized approach in the assessment of both sanitary state of the educational institutions and the health of students. The essence of the method consists in obtaining a single dimension, i.e., a single conventional unit, allowing the integration of all these figures.

Keywords: Complex standardized approach, a single conventional unit, sanitary state of the educational institutions, health of students.

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Qigong as a factor of health improvement of people of gerontological age

UDC 004:[316.3:008] BBK 74.58:73

Rozanov S. E., Bessonova L. O., Belyh O. A.

One of the topical issues of domestic medicine is a transition to a new stage of development – gerontological rehabilitation of the population, which has an impact on all spheres of life of older people, and is an objective reality nowadays. Over the past decade, due to the general increase in living standards, the researchers noted the following trends: increased life expectancy, poor health, hyperactivity, decreased interest in life.

The study of the group of patients of the clinical war veterans hospital in Irkutsk who had a wide range of general-somatic diseases, received basic medication therapy and attended the lessons of improving the system of self-regulation Qigong “The Return of Spring”, has revealed a statistically significant (p<0.001) change in their health condition. Observations of BP, heart rate, and surveys have showed improvement in the efficiency of blood circulation, activization of the system of hypotensive action, metabolism improvement, as well as improvement of their mood. The article shows that a person aged 80 years or older successfully masters the original method of the Chinese gymnastics Qigong. Daily performance of a complex health program “The return of spring” while the patients were in the Gerontology Center helped improve the quality of life of older people.

Keywords: elderly people, gymnastics, qigong.

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The assessment of the health level of college students based on their tone of the autonomic nervous system

УДК 613.62 ББК 28.7

Мukharskiy P. O.Zarubina K. V.

The article deals with the study to reveal the health level among the students of our college in the relation with their tone of the autonomic nervous system. The question of this relationship is quite relevant as in the field of medicine, physiology, psychology and pedagogy. The students are often exposed to stress during the different tests and examinations and the knowledge of the biological and social adaptation to various conditions will help students cope with stress.

Key words: health level, autonomic tone, health of the students, vegetative (autonomic) nervous system.

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Informatization as a factor of mental capacity change in preschoolers

UDC 613.95/96 BBK 51.283

Tkachuk E. A.

One of the important aspects of our humanity is to move to a new stage of development — the Information Society, which has an impact on all spheres of life, including the health of children and which serves as an objective reality.
Over the last decade, due to the growth of informatization, the researchers highlight an increase in the level of aggression, a decline in intellectual performance, a deterioration of mental health, a rise in the number of children with behaviour problems, hyperactivity, inattention, decreased mental capacity.
In the present study some pre-school educational institutions of Irkutsk were examined in the context of informatization changing in the time period from 1998 to 2012. The research allowed revealing changes in the mental health of children.
176 children aged 5.5 to 6.5 years in preschools central district of Irkutsk were observed. Two groups of children were formed: Group 1 – the children who attended kindergarten in 1998 and Group 2 – the children attending kindergarten in 2012. Age groups of preschool children coincided with their calendar age: 5 years 5 months 30 days to 6 years 5 months 30 days. The study of mental health according to Anfilov’s test revealed that in the changing conditions of informatization indicators of mental capacity undergo significant changes. At this stage the speed of information processing increases (p <0.05) and its quality decreases (p< 0.05). The total score of productivity index is not affected. The trend has been expressed more clearly among the boys.
Keywords: children of preschool age/ preschoolers, informatization, mental capacity.

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Aspects of the informational and psychological textbook safety at school: readability and simplicity

UDC 613.95/96+614 BBK 57.3

Tkachuk E. A.

The results of the research of readability and school textbook simplicity by means of widely used psycholinguistic tests, namely the Flesch readability test and the Fogh’s index, are shown. The research was conducted through the use of textbooks at both primary and secondary schools. The data related to the compliance of school textbooks and the psycholinguistic criterion of readability and simplicity, according to the educational levels (type of school or age), are given. It’s obvious, according to the given data, that school textbooks content is often difficult to understand for pupils and isn’t appropriate different age groups.

Key words: informational and psychological safety, textbooks, children

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Unified assessment of sanytary-hygienic indicators of educational institutions and students’ health


Igolnitsina L. M.Prevolskaya V. V.

The article considers the research made with usage of a unified approach to the assessment of sanitary-hygienic conditions of educational institutions and students’ health.  The essence of the approach consists in getting a unified dimension, so called «single standard unit», that enables integration of all the above indicators.

Key words: unified approach, sanitary and hygienic conditions of educational institutions, students’ health, single standard unit

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Study of psychoactive substance use as a risk factor of students’ health

UDC 371.72:613.84; (470+571) BBK 51.1 (2) 4 +74.200.55

Igolnitsina L. M.Novokshonova E. A.

The article presents the monitoring results of the prevalence of psychoactive substance use (PAS). The research was conducted among cadets of Irkutsk Aviation Technical College of Civil Aviation and students of Irkutsk Branch of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation. The classification and frequency of psychoactive substance use among college cadets and university students have been studied. The main risk factors of substance initiation are identified. The investigation causing the need of preventive measures aimed at the aspects of stopping the use of substance and formation of a correct way of life (CWL) at college and university.

Key words: psychoactive substances, healthy lifestyle popularization, cadets, students, healthy lifestyle experience, risk factors

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Society informatization as a socio-hygienic factor of “fundamental civilizational shift” formation

UDC 613.95/96+614 BBK 57.3

Tkachuk Е. А.
This article explores modern aspects of education quality formation in conditions of informatization and health and lifestyle forming shown from the point of view of the Strauss–Howe generational theory. The reasons of fundamental civilizational shift are found out. They are the acceleration of life rhythm, the increase of informational volume, the need for more actual informational content, routine affairs a person simultaneously deals with, the growth of democracy and dialogism on different levels of a social system.

Key words: children, society information, lifestyle, state of health, «video clip way of thinking»

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